Magnetic resonance imaging of the small pelvis is an examination of internal organs using electromagnetic waves. This study is extremely informative in the study of dynamic processes in the body, and the introduction of contrasting substances increases the quantity and quality of data obtained. Modern equipment used in “SM-Clinic” allows you to create three-dimensional models of internal organs, which gives doctors enough information to make an accurate diagnosis.
Which small pelvic organs can be examined with MRI?
The women’s survey includes:
- MRI of the bladder;
- MRI of the uterus, uterine tubes and ovaries;
- vaginal examination;
- MRI of the space behind the uterus;
- examination of the end sections of the intestine.
- Examination in men includes:
- MRI of the prostate gland;
- examination of testicles and seminal ducts;
- MRI of the rectum and bladder.
- Advantages of small pelvic MRI in “SM-Clinic”
In our clinic MRI is performed by experienced diagnosticians, each of whom has undergone training in leading medical institutions in Russia and Europe. At the same time, modern devices for magnetic resonance imaging, which meet all requirements of world quality standards, are used.
Excellent technical equipment and professionalism allow specialists “SM-Clinic” get the most informative results during MRI of small pelvis organs.
What small pelvic pathologies can be detected by MRI?
The range of such diseases is extremely wide, among them:
- tumor processes;
- cystic neoplasms;
- inflammatory diseases;
- adhesions in uterine tubes;
- the presence of pathologies of the prostate, bladder, rectum, etc.
- Indications for small pelvic MRI
- suspicions of a tumor and metastases in the pelvic organs;
- anomalies in the formation of organs in this area;
- suspicion of acute surgical abnormalities such as a ruptured cyst or ovarian apoplexy;
- various injuries of small pelvic organs;
- persistent sacrum and pelvic pain of unclear origin;
- inflammatory pathologies such as adnexitis or endometritis in women and vesiculitis or prostatitis in men;
- suspicions of rectal diseases;
- the likelihood of ovarian cysts;
- vaginal bleeding of unclear origin;
- infertility that has no objective cause;
- scrotum tumours.
Is pelvic magnetic resonance imaging safe?
The MRI is absolutely harmless for all categories of patients. Pregnant women are an exception: during this period, it is better not to conduct a constriction study, and in the first trimester, abstain from an MRI at all.
Contraindications for MRI of small pelvic organs
This examination should not be performed on patients with pacemakers, metal implants or splinters in the body, as well as metal-ceramic prostheses.
In addition, there are limitations on the weight of the patient:
for the Clara Cetkin St. Clinic – maximum weight 120 kg, maximum circumference over 140 cm;
for the clinic on Volgogradsky Prospekt – maximum weight 120 kg, maximum circumference 120 cm;
for the Clinic on Yaroslavskaya St. – maximum weight of the patient 200 kg, maximum body circumference in the largest dimension 140 cm;
for the Clinic on Simferopol Boulevard – maximum weight 180 kg, provided that the maximum body circumference in the largest dimension is not more than 130 cm, if the circumference is less than 130 cm, the maximum weight is 200 kg.
Preparation for MRI of small pelvic organs
It is undesirable to go through the procedure with a full stomach, so on the day of study it is best not to eat at all or limit yourself to a very light breakfast.
Two days before the study, it is necessary to exclude from your diet products that stimulate the formation of gases (legumes, cabbage, food rich in fiber).
The bladder should not be full before the examination. Large amounts of fluid in it will result in images of insufficient clarity and cause discomfort to the patient, except for bladder examination.
A rectal MRI of constipation requires emptying the bowel on the day of examination.
MRIs of the ovaries, uterus and uterine tubes are performed in the second week of the menstrual cycle (6-9 days).
Spasmolytic (like an ultrasound scan) – in 1 hour.